“Thinking themselves wise they became fools” – Saul of Tarsus
“Fools rush in where wise men never go”
Secularism is nothing if not incoherent.
Those who follow the ideology appear to believe that they can create their own reality. Hence, secularists think that by saying:
male + male = male + female
the consequences of having these two different types of union will be the same.
The data clearly demonstrate that this is not so but unable to learn they keep pushing for social embrace of oxymorons such as : same-sex marriage, marriage equality, Men who have Sex with Men. The reality is , whatever intimate activities two or more men do with each other it cannot be sex so the correct term is Men who are Intimate with Men (MIM). Similarly there can be no same sex marriage as marriage is between a man and a woman.
Whatever euphemisms the incoherents use however reality remains and HIV and other STIs continue essentially unabated among MIM but are secularists learning ?
Can secularists learn or are they blinded by ideology ?
Number of gay men catching HIV has doubled in 20 years because new drugs have ‘encouraged unsafe sex’
- Between 1990 and 2010 there was a 26 per cent increase in the number of men having unprotected sex
- Cases of HIV rose by 76 per cent in this period
- Experts say introduction of effective drugs is to blame
PUBLISHED: 23:01 GMT, 15 February 2013 | UPDATED: 01:31 GMT, 16 February 201
The number of gay men catching HIV has almost doubled in 20 years because new drugs have encouraged unsafe sex, new research shows.
Between 1990 and 2010, cases rose by 76 per cent due to fewer people using condoms. Experts say this is due to the introduction of antiretroviral drugs that are effective in treating the disease.
During this time there was a 26 per cent increase in the proportion having unprotected sex, according to the study.
Professor Andrew Phillips, of University College London, said: ‘We created a model reconstructing the HIV epidemic in men who have sex with men in the UK.
‘In doing so, we were able to explore the interplay between HIV testing rates, antiretroviral (ART) treatment and sexual behaviour on HIV transmission and incidence.
‘By better understanding the driving forces behind the trends we have seen in the past, it will allow us to make informed choices to reduce new HIV infections in the future.’
But the findings, published in the journal PLOS ONE, suggest the increase in infections would have been 68 per cent greater without the introduction of ART in the same period, and 400 per cent more if condom use among men who have sex with other men had ceased entirely from the year 2000 onwards.
Dr Valerie Delpech, head of HIV surveillance at the Health Protection Agency, said: ‘Our research provides important evidence to support current UK public health recommendations on expanded HIV testing and higher levels of ART coverage, to reduce new infections among men who have sex with men.
‘However, we see it is also vital condom use education continues as not only does this have a strong limiting effect on the HIV epidemic, but only a modest increase in unprotected sex is enough to erode the benefits of other interventions.’
Exploring other scenarios, the research found cases would have reduced by 25 per cent if HIV testing levels had been higher, by 32 per cent if ART had been prescribed at diagnosis or by 62 per cent if both interventions had been combined.
Effective ART therapy reduces how infectious peple with HIV are, lowering the risk of transmission.
Dr Delpech added: ‘Everyone should use a condom when having sex with new or casual partners, until all partners have had a sexual health screen.
‘We also encourage men who have sex with men to get an HIV and STI screen at least annually, and every three months if having condomless sex with new or casual partners – and clinicians to take every opportunity to recommend HIV testing to this group.
‘Through combining earlier and more frequent HIV testing, programmes that reduce unsafe sexual behaviour and higher levels of ART coverage for those requiring it, we could substantially reduce HIV transmission in this group.’
Transgender Women 49 Times More Likely To Have HIV, Study Says
The Huffington Post | By Meredith Bennett-SmithPosted: 04/02/2013 4:41 pm EDT
Transgender women were 49 times more likely to have HIV compared to a reference population, according to a new study on transgender women and HIV.
Led by Dr. Stefan Baral, director of the key populations programs in the Center for Public Health and Human Rights at Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, a team of researchers conducted a review and meta-analysis of studies assessing HIV infection among transgender women in 15 countries over the span of about a decade and compared it to adults of similar reproductive age in those populations.
Data were only available in countries “with male-predominant HIV epidemics,” including six Asia-Pacific countries, five Latin American countries, three European countries and the United States.
“The odds ratio for being infected with HIV in transgender women compared with all adults of reproductive age across the 15 countries was 48·8,” the researchers state in their findings.
“This is part of a series we’ve been doing on under-served populations,” Baral told The Huffington Post in an phone interview. Of the other populations the team has studied — including female sex workers and men who have sex with men (MSM) — transgender women were the least likely to be studied, yet they had the highest HIV rates by far.
Transgender women have been largely left out of the HIV narrative, or they have been incorrectly lumped into other categories, such as gay men, or men who have sex with men, Baral told HuffPost. As a result, many transgender women don’t participate in studies, even if given a chance.
“It doesn’t seem like it’s been a priority for global funding entities to care about the needs of transgender communities,” Baral said.
At the same time, treatment programs that attempt to lump transgender women in with men who have sex with men may not take into account trans-specific risk factors. For example, transgender women are almost always the receptive partner in anal intercourse, according to Baral, and a lack of resources for hormone treatments may lead to sharing dirty needles.
The results of the review show that HIV has long been hidden or misclassified for transgender women, and many “continue to endure stigma and discrimination, and can feel socially isolated and [marginalized by society],” according to the study’s authors. In turn, this stigmatization and isolation puts trans women at risk for myriad other risks, including depression, sexual abuse, suicide and sexually transmitted diseases.
The study found that while the nature of gender identities varies from country to country, the complexity of identity and the prevalence of stigma is universal,regardless of wealth or region.
“Never mind LGBT equality. There has been very little movement toward trans equality [in the U.S.],” Baral said. “Stigma is universal, how it plays out is universal; that to some extend is one of these emerging messages.”
Going forward, Baral said he hopes health care providers and advocates will improve the way they target transgender populations and tailor treatment systems and support networks.
There are signs that at least in the United States, some people are beginning to realize changes need to be made. In 2011, for example, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported it was “developing an HIV-related behavioral survey to monitor current HIV-related risk behaviors and prevention experiences among transgender women.”
“People think if you provide services that’s enough,” Baral said. “You have to be providing, but you also need people to actually seek out those services and use them.”
The study was published in the March 2013 edition of The Lancet Infectious Diseasesjournal.